1 Samuel 8
By occasion of the ill government of Samuel's sons, the Israelites ask a king.
1 Samuel 8:1 And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel. 1 Samuel 8:2 Now the name of his first-born was Joel; and the name of his second, Abijah: they were judges in Beer-sheba. 1 Samuel 8:3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted justice. 1 Samuel 8:4 Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah; 1 Samuel 8:5 and they said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.
Samuel praying in grief is comforted by God.
1 Samuel 8:6 But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto Jehovah. 1 Samuel 8:7 And Jehovah said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee; for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not be king over them. 1 Samuel 8:8 According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, in that they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee. 1 Samuel 8:9 Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit thou shalt protest solemnly unto them, and shalt show them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.
He telleth the manner of a king.
1 Samuel 8:10 And Samuel told all the words of Jehovah unto the people that asked of him a king. 1 Samuel 8:11 And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: he will take your sons, and appoint them unto him, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and they shall run before his chariots; 1 Samuel 8:12 and he will appoint them unto him for captains of thousands, and captains of fifties; and [he will set some] to plow his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and the instruments of his chariots. 1 Samuel 8:13 And he will take your daughters to be perfumers, and to be cooks, and to be bakers. 1 Samuel 8:14 And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants. 1 Samuel 8:15 And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants. 1 Samuel 8:16 And he will take your men-servants, and your maid-servants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work. 1 Samuel 8:17 He will take the tenth of your flocks: and ye shall be his servants. 1 Samuel 8:18 And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king whom ye shall have chosen you; and Jehovah will not answer you in that day.
God willeth Samuel to yield unto the importunity of the people.
1 Samuel 8:19 But the people refused to hearken unto the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay: but we will have a king over us, 1 Samuel 8:20 that we also may be like all the nations, and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles. 1 Samuel 8:21 And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears of Jehovah. 1 Samuel 8:22 And Jehovah said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king. And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city.