Bishops' Bible

1 Samuel 17

The armies of the Israelites and Philistines being ready to battle,

1 Samuel 17:1 The Philistines gathered their hoast to battayle, and came together to Socho which is in Iuda, and pytched betweene Socho and Azekah, in the coaste of Dammim. 1 Samuel 17:2 And Saul & the men of Israel came together, and pytched in the valley of Elah, and put them selues in battaile aray, to meete the Philistines. 1 Samuel 17:3 And the Philistines stoode on a mountaine on the one syde, and Israel stoode on a mountaine on the other syde, and there was a valley betweene them.

Goliath cometh proudly forth to challenge a combat.

1 Samuel 17:4 And there came a man betweene the both, out of the tentes of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath: sixe cubites and a handbreadth long: 1 Samuel 17:5 And had an helmet of brasse vpon his head, and a coate of male about him. And the weight of his coate of mayle, was fiue thousand sicles of brasse. 1 Samuel 17:6 And he had bootes of brasse vpon his legges, and a shielde of brasse vpon his shoulders. 1 Samuel 17:7 And the shaft of his speare was lyke a weauers beame, and his speare head wayed sixe hundred sicles of iron: And one bearing a shielde went before him. 1 Samuel 17:8 And he stoode and cryed against the hoast of Israel, and sayde vnto them: Why are ye come to set your battaile in array? am not I a Philistine, and you seruauntes to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come downe to me. 1 Samuel 17:9 And if he be able to fyght with me, & to kill me, then will we be your seruauntes: But if I can ouercome hym & beate him, then shal ye be our seruautes and serue vs. 1 Samuel 17:10 And the Philistine sayde: I defie the hoast of Israel this day, geue me a man, that we may fight together. 1 Samuel 17:11 When Saul and all Israel heard those wordes of ye Philistine, they were discouraged, and greatly afraide.

David, sent by his father to visit his brethren, taketh the challenge.

1 Samuel 17:12 Dauid was the sonne of an Ephrathite of Bethlehem Iuda, named Isai, which had eyght sonnes, & this man was taken for an olde man in the dayes of Saul. 1 Samuel 17:13 And the three eldest sonnes of Isai went, and folowed Saul to the battell: And the names of his three sonnes that went to battaile, were: Eliab the eldest, and the next Abinadab, and the thyrd Samma: 1 Samuel 17:14 And Dauid was the leaste. And the three eldest, went after Saul. 1 Samuel 17:15 Dauid also went, and departed from Saul, to feede his fathers sheepe at Bethlehem. 1 Samuel 17:16 And the Philistine came foorth in the morning and euening, and continued fourtie dayes. 1 Samuel 17:17 And Isai sayd vnto Dauid his sonne: Take for thy brethren an Epha of this partched corne, & these ten loaues, and runne to the hoast to thy brethren. 1 Samuel 17:18 And cary these ten freshe cheeses vnto the captayne, and loke howe thy brethren fare, and set out their pledge. 1 Samuel 17:19 And Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in the valley of Elah, fyghtyng with the Philistines.

1 Samuel 17:20 And Dauid rose vp early in ye morning, and left the sheepe with a keper, & toke, and went as Isai had commaunded him, and came within the compasse of the hoast: And the hoast went out in array, and shouted in the battaile. 1 Samuel 17:21 For Israel and the Philistines had put them selues in array armie against armie. 1 Samuel 17:22 And Dauid left the thinges which he bare, vnder the handes of the keper of the vessels, and ran into the hoast, and came, and saluted his brethren. 1 Samuel 17:23 And as he talked with them, behold, there stoode a man in the middes (Goliath the Philistine by name, of Gath) out of the armie of the Philistines, & spake such wordes: and Dauid heard it. 1 Samuel 17:24 And all the people of Israel, when they sawe the man, ranne away from him, and were sore afrayde. 1 Samuel 17:25 And euery man of Israel said: Sawe ye not this man that commeth vp? euen to reuile Israel is he come: And to him that killeth him, will the king geue great ritches, and will geue him his daughter thereto, yea and make his fathers house free in Israel. 1 Samuel 17:26 And Dauid spake to ye men that stoode by, and sayd: What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh awaye the shame from Israel? And what is this vncircumcised Philistine, that he shoulde reuile the hoast of the liuing God? 1 Samuel 17:27 And the people aunswered him (after this maner) saying: So shall it be done to the man that killeth him.

Eliab chideth him.

1 Samuel 17:28 And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake vnto the men, and Eliab was angrye with Dauid, & sayde: Why camest thou downe hyther? and with whom hast thou left those fewe sheepe in the wildernes: I know thy pride and the malice of thyne heart, that thou art come downe to see the battel. 1 Samuel 17:29 And Dauid sayde: And what haue I nowe done? is there not a cause?

He is brought to Saul.

1 Samuel 17:30 And he departed from him into the presence of another, and spake of the same maner: and the people aunswered him againe, as before. 1 Samuel 17:31 And they that heard the wordes which Dauid spake, rehearsed them before Saul, which caused him to be fet.

He sheweth the reason of his confidence.

1 Samuel 17:32 And Dauid sayde to Saul: Let no mans heart fayle him because of him: Thy seruaunt will go, and fight with yonder Philistine. 1 Samuel 17:33 And Saul sayde to Dauid againe: Thou art not able to go against yonder Philistine, to fight with him: For thou art but a childe, but he is a man of warre euen from his youth. 1 Samuel 17:34 Dauid aunswered vnto Saul: Thy seruaunt kept his fathers sheepe, & ther came a lion and likewise a beare, and toke a sheepe, out of the flocke: 1 Samuel 17:35 And I went out after him, and smote him, and toke it out of his mouth: And whe he arose against me, I caught him by the bearde, and smote him, and slue him. 1 Samuel 17:36 And so thy seruaunte slue both the lion, and the beare: And trulie this vncircumcised Philistine shalbe as one of them, seing he hath rayled on the hoast of the liuyng God. 1 Samuel 17:37 And Dauid spake moreouer: The Lord that deliuered me out of the hand of the lion, and out of the hande of the beare, he shal deliuer me also out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul sayd vnto Dauid: Go, and the Lorde [shall] be with thee.

Without armour, armed with faith, he slayeth the giant.

1 Samuel 17:38 And Saul put his rayment vpon Dauid, and put an helmet of brasse vpon his head, and put a coate of mayle vpon him. 1 Samuel 17:39 And gyrded Dauid with his owne sword vpon his rayment, and he assayed to go, and because he neuer proued it, Dauid saide vnto Saul: I cannot go with these, for I haue not vsed my selfe thereto. And Dauid put them of him, 1 Samuel 17:40 And toke his staffe in his hand, and chose him fiue smoth stones out of a brooke, and put them in a shepheardes bagge which he had, that is in a scrippe, and his sling was in his hande, and he went to the Philistine. 1 Samuel 17:41 And the Philistine came and drewe neare against Dauid, and the man that bare the shielde went before him. 1 Samuel 17:42 And when the Philistine loked about & sawe Dauid, he disdayned him: for he was but young, ruddie & of a comly face. 1 Samuel 17:43 And the Philistine sayd vnto Dauid: Am I a dogge, that thou commest to me with staues? And the Philistine cursed Dauid in ye name of his goddes. 1 Samuel 17:44 And the Philistine sayde to Dauid: Come to me, and I wyll geue thy fleshe vnto the foules of the ayre, and to the beastes of the fielde. 1 Samuel 17:45 Then sayde Dauid to the Philistine: Thou commest to me with a sword, a speare, & a shielde: But I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hoastes, the God of the hoast of Israel, whom thou hast rayled vpon. 1 Samuel 17:46 This day shal the Lorde close thee into my hand, and I shall smite thee, & take thyne head from thee, & will geue the carkases of the hoast of the Philistines this daye vnto the foules of the ayre, & to the beastes of the earth, that all they which be in the worlde, maye knowe that there is a God in Israel: 1 Samuel 17:47 And all this congregation shal know that the Lorde saueth not with sword, & speare (For the battaile is ye Lordes) and he shall geue you into our handes. 1 Samuel 17:48 And when the Philistine arose to come and drawe nye to Dauid, Dauid hasted, and ran to fight against the Philistine, 1 Samuel 17:49 And Dauid put his hand in his bagge, and toke out a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone suncke into his forehead, and he fell groueling to the earth. 1 Samuel 17:50 And so Dauid ouercame the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and smote the Philistine, & slue him, euen when Dauid had no sword in his hand. 1 Samuel 17:51 But Dauid ran and stoode vpon the Philistine, and toke his sword, and drue it out of his sheathe, & slue him, and cut of his head therewith. And when the Philistines sawe that their champion was dead, they fled. 1 Samuel 17:52 And the men of Israel and of Iuda arose, and showted, and folowed after the Philistines, vntill they came to the valley, and vnto the gates of Acaron: And the Philistines fell downe wounded by the way to Saaraim, euen vnto Gath, and Acaron. 1 Samuel 17:53 And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and spoyled their tentes. 1 Samuel 17:54 And Dauid toke the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Hierusalem, but he put his armour in his tent.

Saul taketh notice of David.

1 Samuel 17:55 When Saul sawe Dauid go foorth against the Philistine, he sayd vnto Abner the captaine of his hoast: Abner, whose sonne is this young man? Abner aunswered: As thy soule liueth (O king) I cannot tell. 1 Samuel 17:56 And the king sayde: Enquire thou whose sonne the youngling is. 1 Samuel 17:57 And whe Dauid was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner toke him, & brought him before Saul, with the head of the Philistine in his hand. 1 Samuel 17:58 And Saul sayde to him: whose sonne art thou, thou young man? Dauid aunswered: I am the sonne of thy seruaunt Isai the Bethlehemite.

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