Bishops' Bible

Deuteronomy 20

The priest's exhortation to encourage the people to battle.

Deuteronomy 20:1 When thou goest out to battayle agaynst thine enemies, & seest horses, and charettes, and people, mo then thou, be not afrayde of them: for the Lorde thy God is with thee, which brought thee out of the lande of Egypt. Deuteronomy 20:2 And when ye are come nye vnto battayle, ye priest shall come foorth to speake vnto the people, Deuteronomy 20:3 And shall say vnto them: Heare O Israel, you are come this day vnto battayle agaynst your enemies, let not your heartes faynt, neither feare, nor be amazed, nor a dread of them: Deuteronomy 20:4 For the Lord your God goeth with you, to fyght for you agaynst your enemies, and to saue you.

The officers' proclamation who are to be dismissed from the war.

Deuteronomy 20:5 And let the officers speake vnto the people, saying: If any man haue built a newe house, and haue not dedicate it: let hym go and returne to his house, lest he dye in the battayle, and another man dedicate it. Deuteronomy 20:6 And if any man haue planted a vineyarde, and haue not made it comon: let hym go and returne agayne vnto his house, lest he dye in the battayle, and another make it common, Deuteronomy 20:7 And if any man be betrouthed vnto a wyfe, and haue not taken her: let hym go and returne agayne vnto his house, lest he dye in the battayle, and another man take her. Deuteronomy 20:8 And let the officers speake further vnto the people, and say: If any man feare and be faynt hearted, let hym go & returne vnto his house, lest he make his brothers heart faynt as well as his. Deuteronomy 20:9 And when the officers haue made an ende of speakyng vnto the people, they shall make captaynes of the armie to gouerne the people.

How to use the cities that accept or refuse the proclamation of peace.

Deuteronomy 20:10 When thou commest nye vnto a citie to fyght agaynst it, offer them peace. Deuteronomy 20:11 And if they aunswere thee agayne peaceably, and open vnto thee, then let all the people that is founde therin, be tributaries vnto thee, and serue thee. Deuteronomy 20:12 And if they wyll make no peace with thee, but make warre agaynst thee, thou shalt besiege it. Deuteronomy 20:13 And when the Lorde thy God hath deliuered it into thine handes, thou shalt smyte all the males therof with the edge of the sworde: Deuteronomy 20:14 But the women, and the children, and the cattell, and all that is in the citie, and all the spoyle therof shalt thou take vnto thy selfe, and eate the spoyle of thine enemies, which the Lorde thy God hath geuen thee. Deuteronomy 20:15 Thus shalt thou do vnto all the cities which are a great way of from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations.

What cities must be devoted.

Deuteronomy 20:16 But of the cities of these nations which the Lorde thy God shall geue thee to inherite, thou shalt saue alyue nothyng that breatheth: Deuteronomy 20:17 But shalt destroy them without redemption, namely the Hethites, the Amorites, the Chanaanites, the Pherezites, the Heuites, and the Iebusites, as the Lorde thy God hath commaunded thee: Deuteronomy 20:18 That they teache you not to do after all their abhominations which they haue done vnto their Gods, and so ye shoulde sinne agaynst the Lorde your God.

Trees of man's meat must not be destroyed in the siege.

Deuteronomy 20:19 When thou hast besieged a citie long tyme, and made warre agaynst it to take it, destroy not the trees therof, that thou wouldest thrust an axe vnto them: but eate of them, and cut them not downe to further thee in thy siege: for the tree of the fielde is mans life. Deuteronomy 20:20 Only those trees which thou knowest to be vnfruitfull, those shalt thou destroy & cut downe, and make bulworkes agaynst the citie that maketh warre with thee, vntyll thou subdue it.

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