Paul is sorry for the Jews.
Romans 9:1 I say ye trueth in Christ, I lye not, my conscience also bearyng me witnesse by the holy ghost, Romans 9:2 That I haue great heauinesse, & continuall sorowe in my heart. Romans 9:3 For I haue wisshed my selfe to be cursed from Christe, for my brethren, my kynsmen as pertaynyng to ye fleshe, Romans 9:4 Which are the Israelites: To whom pertayneth the adoption, and the glory, & the couenauntes, and the lawe that was geuen, and the seruice of God, and the promises. Romans 9:5 Of whom are the fathers, of whom as concernyng the fleshe, Christe [came,] which is God, in all thynges to be praysed for euer. Amen. Romans 9:6 And it can not be, that the worde of God shoulde take none effect. For they are not all Israelites, which are of Israel:
All the seed of Abraham were not the children of the promise.
Romans 9:7 Neither are they all chyldren that are the seede of Abraham: But in Isaac shall thy seede be called. Romans 9:8 That is to say: They which are the chyldren of the fleshe, are not the chyldren of God: But they which be the childre of promise, are counted the seede. Romans 9:9 For this is a worde of promise: About this tyme wyll I come, and Sara shall haue a sonne. Romans 9:10 Not only this, but also Rebecca was with chylde by one [euen] by our father Isaac. Romans 9:11 For yer the [chyldren] were borne, when they had neither done good neither bad, (that the purpose of God by election might stande: not by the reason of workes, but by the caller) Romans 9:12 It was sayde vnto her: The elder shall serue the younger. Romans 9:13 As it is written: Iacob haue I loued, but Esau haue I hated. Romans 9:14 What shall we say then? Is there any vnrighteousnes with God? God forbid. Romans 9:15 For he sayth to Moyses: I wyll shewe mercy to whom I shewe mercy: And wyll haue compassion, on whom I haue compassion. Romans 9:16 So then it is not of the wyller, nor of the runner: but of the mercy of God. Romans 9:17 For the scripture sayth vnto Pharao: Euen for this same purpose haue I stirred thee vp, to shewe my power in thee, & that my name myght be declared throughout all the worlde.
God hath mercy upon whom he will.
Romans 9:18 So hath he mercy on whom he wyll, and whom he wyll, he hardeneth. Romans 9:19 Thou wylt say then vnto me: Why then blameth he [vs] yet? For who hath ben able to resist his wyll? Romans 9:20 But O man, what art thou which disputest with God? Shall the worke say to the workeman, why hast thou made me on this fashion?
The potter may do with his clay what he list.
Romans 9:21 Hath not the potter power ouer the clay, euen of the same lumpe to make one vessel vnto honour, and another vnto dishonour? Romans 9:22 If then, God wyllyng to shewe his wrath, and to make his power knowe, suffred with long patience, the vessels of wrath, ordayned to destruction, Romans 9:23 To declare the riches of his glory, on the vessels of mercy, which he had prepared vnto glory: Romans 9:24 Whom also he called, not of ye Iewes only, but also of the Gentiles.
The calling of the Gentiles and rejecting of the Jews were foretold.
Romans 9:25 As he sayth also in Osee: I wyll call them my people, which were not my people: and her beloued, which was not beloued. Romans 9:26 And it shall come to passe, that in the place where it was sayde vnto them: Ye are not my people, there shall they be called ye chyldren of the lyuyng God. Romans 9:27 And Esaias cryeth concerning Israel: Though the number of the children of Israel, be as the sande of the sea, yet [but] a remnaunt shalbe saued. Romans 9:28 For he finisheth the worde, and maketh it short in ryghteousnesse: For a short worde wyll the Lorde make on earth. Romans 9:29 And as Esaias sayde before: Except the Lorde of Sabboth had lefte vs seede, we had ben made as Sodoma, and had ben lykened to Gomorrha. Romans 9:30 What shall we say then? that the gentiles which folowed not ryghteousnes, haue obtayned righteousnesse: euen the ryghteousnesse which cometh of fayth. Romans 9:31 But Israel, which folowed the lawe of ryghteousnesse, hath not attayned to the lawe of ryghteousnesse.
The cause why so few Jews embrace the righteousness of faith.
Romans 9:32 Wherfore? Because [they sought it] not by fayth: but [as it were] by the workes of the lawe. For they haue stumbled at the stumblyng stone, Romans 9:33 As it is written: Beholde, I put in Sion a stumblyng stone, and a rocke of offence: And whosoeuer beleueth on hym, shall not be confounded.