An exhortation to a solemn praising of God.
Psalms 81:1 Unto the end, for the winepresses, a psalm for Asaph himself. Rejoice to God our helper: sing aloud to the God of Jacob. Psalms 81:2 Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel: the pleasant psaltery with the harp. Psalms 81:3 Blow up the trumpet on the new moon, on the noted day of your solemnity.
God challengeth that duty by reason of his benefits.
Psalms 81:4 For it is a commandment in Israel, and a judgment to the God of Jacob. Psalms 81:5 He ordained it for a testimony in Joseph, when he came out of the land of Egypt: he heard a tongue which he knew not. Psalms 81:6 He removed his back from the burdens: his hands had served in baskets. Psalms 81:7 Thou calledst upon me in affliction, and I delivered thee: I heard thee in the secret place of tempest: I proved thee at the waters of contradiction.
God, exhorting to obedience, complaineth of their disobedience, which proveth their own hurt.
Psalms 81:8 Hear, O my people, and I will testify to thee: O Israel, if thou wilt hearken to me, Psalms 81:9 there shall be no new god in thee: neither shalt thou adore a strange god. Psalms 81:10 For I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it. Psalms 81:11 But my people heard not my voice: and Israel hearkened not to me. Psalms 81:12 So I let them go according to the desires of their heart: they shall walk in their own inventions. Psalms 81:13 If my people had heard me: if Israel had walked in my ways: Psalms 81:14 I should soon have humbled their enemies, and laid my hand on them that troubled them. Psalms 81:15 The enemies of the Lord have lied to him: and their time shall be for ever. Psalms 81:16 And he fed them with the fat of wheat, and filled them with honey out of the rock.