A reproof of Ephraim, Judah, and Jacob.
Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he continually multiplieth lies and desolation; and they make a covenant with Assyria, and oil is carried into Egypt. Hosea 12:2 The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.
By former favours he exhorteth to repentance.
Hosea 12:3 In the womb he took his brother by the heel; and in his manhood he had power with God: Hosea 12:4 yea, he had power over the angel, and prevailed: he wept, and made supplication unto him: he found him at Beth-el, and there he spake with us; Hosea 12:5 even the LORD, the God of hosts; the LORD is his memorial. Hosea 12:6 Therefore turn thou to thy God: keep mercy and judgment, and wait on thy God continually.
Ephraim's sins provoke God.
Hosea 12:7 [He is] a trafficker, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress. Hosea 12:8 And Ephraim said, Surely I am become rich, I have found me wealth: in all my labours they shall find in me none iniquity that were sin. Hosea 12:9 But I am the LORD thy God from the land of Egypt; I will yet again make thee to dwell in tents, as in the days of the solemn feast. Hosea 12:10 I have also spoken unto the prophets, and I have multiplied visions; and by the ministry of the prophets have I used similitudes. Hosea 12:11 Is Gilead iniquity? they are altogether vanity; in Gilgal they sacrifice bullocks: yea, their altars are as heaps in the furrows of the field. Hosea 12:12 And Jacob fled into the field of Aram, and Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he kept [sheep]. Hosea 12:13 And by a prophet the LORD brought Israel up out of Egypt, and by a prophet was he preserved. Hosea 12:14 Ephraim hath provoked to anger most bitterly: therefore shall his blood be left upon him, and his reproach shall his Lord return unto him.