Christ avoucheth his authority by a question of John's baptism.
Luke 20:1 And it came to pass, on one of the days, as he was teaching the people in the temple, and preaching the gospel, there came upon him the chief priests and the scribes with the elders; Luke 20:2 and they spake, saying unto him, Tell us: By what authority doest thou these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority? Luke 20:3 And he answered and said unto them, I also will ask you a question; and tell me: Luke 20:4 The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or from men? Luke 20:5 And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why did ye not believe him? Luke 20:6 But if we shall say, From men; all the people will stone us: for they be persuaded that John was a prophet. Luke 20:7 And they answered, that they knew not whence [it was]. Luke 20:8 And Jesus said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.
The parable of the vineyard.
Luke 20:9 And he began to speak unto the people this parable: A man planted a vineyard, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into another country for a long time. Luke 20:10 And at the season he sent unto the husbandmen a servant, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty. Luke 20:11 And he sent yet another servant: and him also they beat, and handled him shamefully, and sent him away empty. Luke 20:12 And he sent yet a third: and him also they wounded, and cast him forth. Luke 20:13 And the lord of the vineyard said, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence him. Luke 20:14 But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned one with another, saying, This is the heir: let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours. Luke 20:15 And they cast him forth out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do unto them? Luke 20:16 He will come and destroy these husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid. Luke 20:17 But he looked upon them, and said, What then is this that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, The same was made the head of the corner? Luke 20:18 Every one that falleth on that stone shall be broken to pieces; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will scatter him as dust.
Of giving tribute to Caesar.
Luke 20:19 And the scribes and the chief priests sought to lay hands on him in that very hour; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he spake this parable against them. Luke 20:20 And they watched him, and sent forth spies, which feigned themselves to be righteous, that they might take hold of his speech, so as to deliver him up to the rule and to the authority of the governor. Luke 20:21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, and acceptest not the person [of any], but of a truth teachest the way of God: Luke 20:22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or not? Luke 20:23 But he perceived their craftiness, and said unto them, Luke 20:24 Shew me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it? And they said, Caesar's. Luke 20:25 And he said unto them, Then render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's. Luke 20:26 And they were not able to take hold of the saying before the people: and they marveled at his answer, and held their peace.
He convinceth the Sadducees that denied the resurrection.
Luke 20:27 And there came to him certain of the Sadducees, they which say that there is no resurrection; and they asked him, Luke 20:28 saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, that if a man's brother die, having a wife, and he be childless, his brother should take the wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. Luke 20:29 There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and died childless; Luke 20:30 and the second; Luke 20:31 and the third took her; and likewise the seven also left no children, and died. Luke 20:32 Afterward the woman also died. Luke 20:33 In the resurrection therefore whose wife of them shall she be? for the seven had her to wife. Luke 20:34 And Jesus said unto them, The sons of this world marry, and are given in marriage: Luke 20:35 but they that are accounted worthy to attain to that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage: Luke 20:36 for neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection. Luke 20:37 But that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed, in [the place concerning] the Bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Luke 20:38 Now he is not the God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.
Luke 20:39 And certain of the scribes answering said, Master, thou hast well said. Luke 20:40 For they durst not any more ask him any question.
How Christ is the son of David.
Luke 20:41 And he said unto them, How say they that the Christ is David's son? Luke 20:42 For David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, Luke 20:43 Till I make thine enemies the footstool of thy feet. Luke 20:44 David therefore calleth him Lord, and how is he his son?
He warneth his disciples to beware of the scribes.
Luke 20:45 And in the hearing of all the people he said unto his disciples, Luke 20:46 Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love salutations in the marketplaces, and chief seats in the synagogues, and chief places at feasts; Luke 20:47 which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater condemnation.