1 Samuel 14
Jonathan, unwitting to his father, the priest, or the people, goeth and miraculously smiteth the Philistines' garrison.
1 Samuel 14:1 And it fell on a daye, that Ionathas the sonne of Saul sayd vnto hys young man that bare his harnes: come & let vs go ouer to the watche men of the Philistines that are younder on the other syde, & told not his father. 1 Samuel 14:2 But Saul taryed in the vtmost parte of Gabaah vnder a pomegarnet tree, þt was in Magron, & the people that were with hym were vpon a sixe hundred men. 1 Samuel 14:3 And Ahiah the sonne of Ahitob Iehabodes brother, the sonne of Phinehes, the sonne of Eli, was the Lordes priest in Siloh & bare an Ephod. But the people wyst not that Ionathas was gone.
1 Samuel 14:4 And in the way ouer by whiche Ionathas sought to go ouer vnto the garyson of þe philistines, were there two sharpe rockes, euen one on the one syde, & the other on the other syde: þe one called Bozez, & the other Seneh. 1 Samuel 14:5 And þe one leaneth northwarde toward Machmas, & the other southwarde toward Gabaah. 1 Samuel 14:6 Then sayd Ionathas to the young man þt bare hys harnesse: come & let vs go ouer vnto the standynge of these vncyrcumcysed, paraduenture the Lorde wyl worke with vs: for the Lorde is free to saue with manye or wyth few. 1 Samuel 14:7 And his harnesbearer sayde vnto hym: do all þt is in thyne hert: set the forwarde: & se I am with the, as thyne hert lusteth. 1 Samuel 14:8 Then sayde Ionathas: behold, when we go ouer vnto the men, & shewe oure selues vnto them: 1 Samuel 14:9 yf they say on thys wyse to vs: tarye vntyl we come to you, then we wyl stand styl where we be & not go vp vnto them. 1 Samuel 14:10 But & yf they so saye vnto vs: come vp vnto vs, then we wyl go vp, for the Lorde hath deliuered them into oure handes. And thys shalbe a sygne vnto vs. 1 Samuel 14:11 And when they had bothe shewed them selues vnto þe garison of the Philistines, the Philistines sayd: se the Ebrewes come out of the holes where thei had hidde them selues in. 1 Samuel 14:12 And the men of the garison answered Ionathas & hys harnesbearer & sayde: come vp to vs, & we wyl shew you a thyng. Then sayd Ionathas vnto hys harnesbearer: come vp after me, for the Lord hath delyuered them into the handes of Israel. 1 Samuel 14:13 And Ionathas clame vpon handes & fete, & hys harnesbearer after him. Then they fel before Ionathas, & his harnesbearer slue them after him. 1 Samuel 14:14 And that fyrst slaughter which Ionathas and hys harnesbearer made was vpon a twentye men, within the compasse as it were about an halfe aker of land.
A divine terror maketh them beat themselves.
1 Samuel 14:15 And there was a fear in the host that was in the felde, & among all the people: in so much that they that kept the hold and they that were gone to robbe, were afrayde also, and the earthe trymbled, and there was a feare sente of God. 1 Samuel 14:16 And the watche men of Saule in Gabaah Beniamin sawe. And beholde, the people skatered and ranne hyther and thyther.
Saul, not staying the priest's answer, setteth on them.
1 Samuel 14:17 Then sayde Saule vnto the people þt was with him: nombre and se who is gone awaye from vs. And when they had tolde: beholde, Ionathas & his harnesbearer were not there. 1 Samuel 14:18 And then Saul sayd vnto Ahia: bryng hyther the arcke of God. For the arck of God was at that tyme wt the children of Israel.
1 Samuel 14:19 And whyle Saule talked vnto the priest, the people þt were in the host of the Philistines, ranne more & more. And Saul sayd vnto the priest: withdraw thyne hand. 1 Samuel 14:20 And Saul cryed & all the people that were with him, and went to battel. And beholde euery mans swerd was agaynst hys felowe, wt a myghty great slaughter.
The captivated Hebrews, and the hidden Israelites, join against them.
1 Samuel 14:21 Moreouer the Ebrues that were with the Philistines before that tyme, & were come with them in al partes of the hoste, they turned to Israel that was with Saul & Ionathas. 1 Samuel 14:22 And they also whiche had hydde them selues in mount Ephraim, as sone as they heard how that the Philistines were fledde, they folowed after them in battell. 1 Samuel 14:23 And so God holp Israel that daye. And the battell contynued vntyll they came to Bethauen.
Saul's unadvised adjuration hindreth the victory.
1 Samuel 14:24 And the men of Israel ioyned them selues together that daye: & Saule adiured the people saying: Cursed be he that eateth anye fode vntyll nyghte, that I may be aduenged of myne enemies. And so there was none of the people that tasted any sustinaunce. 1 Samuel 14:25 And all the land came to a woode where honye laye vpon the grounde. 1 Samuel 14:26 And when the people were come into the woodde: Beholde, the honye dropped. How be it there was no man that moued hys hande to hys mouthe, because that the people feared þe cursse. 1 Samuel 14:27 But Ionathas heard not when hys father adiured the people, wherfor he put forth the ende of the staffe that was in his hand & dipte it in an honye combe, & put his hande to his mouth, & his eyes receyued sight. 1 Samuel 14:28 Then spake one of the people & sayd: thy father adiured the people saying: Cursed be that man that eateth any sustinaunce this daye, and yet the people were fayntye. 1 Samuel 14:29 Then sayde Ionathas: my father hath troubled the land: for se, myne eyes hath receyued sighte, because I tasted a lytle of thys honye: 1 Samuel 14:30 how then yf all the people had eaten of the spoyle of theyr enemyes, which they founde had there not ben then a muche greater slaughter amonge the Philistines? 1 Samuel 14:31 And they layed on the Philistines that daye, from Machmas to Aialon. And the people were excedynge fayntye. 1 Samuel 14:32 Then the people gat them to the spoyle & toke shepe, oxen & calues, & slue them on þe ground & dyd eate wyth the bloude.
He restraineth the people from eating blood.
1 Samuel 14:33 Then the men told Saul, sayinge: Beholde the people synne agaynst the Lorde, in that they eate wyth the bloude. And he sayde: ye haue trespaced. But roule a greate stone vnto me nowe, 1 Samuel 14:34 and go abroad among the people, and bidde them bryng euery man his oxe & euerye man hys shepe, & slaye them here, & synne not agaynste the Lorde in eatyng with the bloude. And þe people brought euery man his oxe in his hand by night & slue them there.
He buildeth an altar.
1 Samuel 14:35 And Saul made an aultar vnto the Lorde. And that was the fyrst altare þt he made vnto the Lorde.
Jonathan, taken by lot, is saved by the people.
1 Samuel 14:36 And Saul sayde: let vs go doune after the Philistines by nyght, & let vs make hauoke amonge them vntyll it be daye in the mornyng, and let vs not leaue one of them. And the people answered: do whatsoeuer thou thynkest best. Then sayd þe priest: let vs come hether vnto God. 1 Samuel 14:37 And Saule asked of God: shall I go doune after the Philistines? and wylt thou delyuer them into myne handes? But he aunswered hym not at that tyme. 1 Samuel 14:38 Then sayde Saul: let the people come hyther out of all quarters, & knowe and se, in whome thys synne is chaunced thys daye: 1 Samuel 14:39 for as trulye as the Lorde lyueth which hath saued Israel, though it be in Ionathas my sonne he shall dye for it. But no man answered hym of all the people. 1 Samuel 14:40 Then he said vnto all Israell: be ye on one syde, & I & Ionathas my sonne wylbe on another. And the people sayde vnto Saule: what thou thynkest best that do. 1 Samuel 14:41 And Saule sayde vnto the Lorde God of Israell: geue perfecte knoweledge. And Saule and Ionathas were caught, & the people skaped free. 1 Samuel 14:42 Then sayde Saul, cast lottes betwene me & Ionathas my sonne. And Ionathas was caughte. 1 Samuel 14:43 Then Saul sayde to Ionathas: tell me what thou hast done. And Ionathas tolde hym & sayde: I tasted a lytle honye vpon the ende of my staffe þt was in myne hande, & se, I must dye. 1 Samuel 14:44 Then sayd Saul: God do so and so to me except þt thou dye Ionathas. 1 Samuel 14:45 But the people sayde vnto Saul: shall Ionathas dye whiche hath so myghtely holpe Israel? God forbyd. As truly as the Lorde lyueth, there shall not one hearre of his head fal to the ground: for he hath wroughte with God thys daye. And so the people delyuered Ionathas, that he dyed not. And then Saule departed from folowyng the Philistynes. 1 Samuel 14:46 And the Phylystynes wente to theyr owne place.
Saul's strength and family.
1 Samuel 14:47 And so Saule toke the kyngedom ouer Israel, and fought agaynste all hys enemyes on euerye syde: agaynste the Moabytes: agaynst the chyldren of Ammon: agaynst the Edomites: agaynste the Kynges of Zobah and agaynst the Philystynes. And whethersoeuer he turned hym selfe, there he wanne, 1 Samuel 14:48 and played the man & slue the Amaleckites, and rydde Israel out of the handes of them that spoyled them. 1 Samuel 14:49 The sonnes of Saule were Ionathas, Iesui, and Melchisua. And hys two doughters were thus named: the elder was called Merob & the younger Michol. 1 Samuel 14:50 And the name of Saules wyfe was Ahinoam the doughter of Ahimaaz. And the name of hys chyefe captayne was Abner the sonne of Ner Saules vncle. 1 Samuel 14:51 And Cis was Saules father. And Ner the father of Abner was the sonne of Abiel. 1 Samuel 14:52 And there was sore war with the Philistines al þe dayes of Saul. For whersoeuer Saul sawe a stronge man, and an actiue, he toke hym vnto hym.