Matthew Bible

Deuteronomy 20

The priest's exhortation to encourage the people to battle.

Deuteronomy 20:1 When thou goest out to battel. agaynst thyne enemyes, & seyst horsses & charettes & people mo then thou, be not aferde of them, for the Lord thy God is wyth the which brought the out of the lande of Egypt. Deuteronomy 20:2 And when ye are come nye vnto battel, let the preast come forth and speake vnto the people Deuteronomy 20:3 & say vnto them: Heare Israel, ye are come vnto battel agaynst your enemyes, let not your hartes faynte, neither feare nor be amazed nor a dread of them. Deuteronomy 20:4 For the lord thy god goeth with you to fight for you agaynst your enemyes & to saue you.

The officers' proclamation who are to be dismissed from the war.

Deuteronomy 20:5 And let the offycers speake vnto þe people sayinge: If any man haue buylt a new house and haue not dedicate it, let him go and returne to his house lest he dye in the battell, & another dedicate it. Deuteronomy 20:6 And yf any man haue planted a vyneyarde & haue not made it comen let him go & returne agayn vnto hys house, lest he dye in the batell and another make it comen. Deuteronomy 20:7 And yf any man be betrauthed vnto a wyfe and haue not taken her, let hym go and returne agayn vnto his house, lest he dye in the battel and another take her. Deuteronomy 20:8 And let the officers speake further vnto þe people and say. If any man feare & be fainte herted, let him go and returne vnto his house lest his brothers hert be made faynte as wel as his. Deuteronomy 20:9 And when the offycers haue made an ende of speaking vnto the people, let them make captaynes of warre ouer them.

How to use the cities that accept or refuse the proclamation of peace.

Deuteronomy 20:10 When thou comest nye vnto a citie to fight against it, offre them peace. Deuteronomy 20:11 And yf they answere the agayne peasably, and open vnto the, then let all the people that is founde therin be tributaries vnto the and serue the. Deuteronomy 20:12 But & yf they wyll make no peace wyth the, then make warre agaynst the citie and besyege it. Deuteronomy 20:13 And when the Lord thy God hath deliuered it into thine handes, smyte al þe males therof wyth the egde of the swerde, Deuteronomy 20:14 saue the wemen and the chyldren and the catel and all that is in the cytie and al the spoyle therof take vnto thy selfe & eate the spoyle of thyne enemyes whych the Lord thy God geueth the. Deuteronomy 20:15 Thus thou shalt do vnto al the cities whych are a greate waye of from the and not of the cities of these nacions.

What cities must be devoted.

Deuteronomy 20:16 But in the cities of these nacions which þe Lorde thy God geueth the to enheret, thou shalt saue alyue nothyng þt breatheth. Deuteronomy 20:17 But shalt destroy them with out redempcion, both the Hethites, þe Amorites, þe Cananites, the Pherezites, the Heuites & the Iebusites, as þe Lord thy God hath commaunded the, Deuteronomy 20:18 þt thei teach you not to do after al their abhominacions which they do vnto their goddes, & so should synne agaynst the Lord your God.

Trees of man's meat must not be destroyed in the siege.

Deuteronomy 20:19 When thou hast besyeged a citie long time in making warre against it to take it, destroy not the trees therof, that þu woldest thrust an axe vnto them. For thou mayst eate of them, & therfore destroy them not. For the trees of the feldes are no men, þt they might come against the to besyege the. Deuteronomy 20:20 Neuerthelater those trees which thou knowest that men eate not of them thou mayst destroye & cutte them doune and make bulwerkes agaynst the citie þt maketh warre with the, vntyl it be ouerthrowne.

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