1 Kings 20
Ben-hadad, not content with Ahab's homage, besiegeth Samaria.
1 Kings 20:1 Now, Ben-hadad, king of Syria, had gathered together all his forces, and, thirty-two kings, were with him, and horses and chariots,then came he up, and laid siege to Samaria, and made war against it. 1 Kings 20:2 And he sent messengers unto Ahab king of Israel, into the city, and said to him,Thus, saith Ben-hadad, 1 Kings 20:3 Thy silver and thy gold, are, mine, and, thy wives and thy sons, the goodliest, are, mine. 1 Kings 20:4 Then responded the king of Israel, and said, According to thy word, my lord O king! thine, am I, and all that I have. 1 Kings 20:5 And the messengers came back again, and said, Thus, speaketh Ben-hadad, saying,Because I sent unto thee, saying, Thy silver and thy gold and thy wives and thy sons, to me, shalt thou give, 1 Kings 20:6 Therefore, about this time tomorrow, will I send my servants unto thee, and they shall search thy house, and the houses of thy servants,and it shall be, that, all the delight of thine eyes, shall they put in their hand, and take away. 1 Kings 20:7 Then called the king of Israel, for all the elders of the land, and saidMark, I pray you, and see, how this man is seeking, mischief,for he had sent unto me, for my wives, and for my sons, and for my silver, and for my gold, and I refused him not. 1 Kings 20:8 And all the elders and all the people said unto him,Do not thou hearken, neither do thou consent. 1 Kings 20:9 So he said unto the messengers of Ben-hadadSay ye to my lord the king,All that thou didst send for, to thy servant at the first, will I do, but, this thing, I cannot do. And the messengers departed, and took him back word. 1 Kings 20:10 Then Ben-hadad sent unto him and said,So, let the gods do to me, and, so, let them add,if the dust of Samaria suffice by handfuls, for all the people who are at my feet. 1 Kings 20:11 And the king of Israel responded and said: Tell him,Let not, him that girdeth, boast himself like him, that looseneth. 1 Kings 20:12 And it came to pass, when he heard this message, as, he, was drinking, he and the kings in the pavilions, that he said unto his servantsMake ready! So they made ready, against the city.
By the direction of a prophet, the Syrians are slain.
1 Kings 20:13 And lo! a certain prophet, drew near unto Ahab king of Israel, and said,Thus, saith Yahweh, Hast thou seen all this great multitude? Behold me! delivering it into thy hand, today, so shalt thou know that, I, am, Yahweh. 1 Kings 20:14 And Ahab saidBy whom? And he saidThus, saith Yahweh, By the young men of the princes of the provinces. Then said heWho shall begin the war? And he saidThou! 1 Kings 20:15 Then numbered he the young men of the princes of the provinces, and they were found to be, two hundred and thirty-two,and, after them, he numbered all the people all the sons of Israel, seven thousand. 1 Kings 20:16 And they went forth at noon. Now, Ben-hadad, was drinking himself drunk, in the pavilions, he and the thirty-two kings helping him. 1 Kings 20:17 Then went forth the young men of the princes of the provinces, first,and, when Ben-hadad sent, they told him, sayingMen, have come forth, out of Samaria. 1 Kings 20:18 And he saidIf, peaceably, they have come, take them alive,or, if, fighting, they have come, alive, take ye them. 1 Kings 20:19 Now, when, these, had come forth out of the city, even the young men of the princes of the provinces,with the force which was following them, 1 Kings 20:20 then smote they every one his man, and the Syrians fled, and Israel pursued them,but Ben-hadad king of Syria escaped on horse, with horsemen. 1 Kings 20:21 And the king of Israel went forth, and took the horses and the chariots,and he went on smiting the Syrians, with a great smiting.
As the prophet forewarned Ahab, the Syrians, trusting in the valleys, come against him in Aphek.
1 Kings 20:22 Then drew near the prophet, unto the king of Israel, and said unto himGo strengthen thyself, and mark and see, what thou wilt do,for, at the return of the year, is, the king of Syria, coming up against thee. 1 Kings 20:23 And, the servants of the king of Syria, said unto him,Gods of the mountains, are their gods, for this cause, prevailed they against us,but, only let us fight with them in the plain, and verily we shall prevail against them. 1 Kings 20:24 But, this thing, do,set aside the kings, every man out of his place, and put governors in their stead; 1 Kings 20:25 and, thou, must number thee a force, like the force which thou hast lost, both horse for horse and chariot for chariot, and, if we fight with them in the plain, verily we shall prevail against them. And he hearkened unto their voice, and did so. 1 Kings 20:26 And so it came to pass at the return of the year, that Ben-hadad numbered the Syrians,and came up to Aphek, to fight with Israel; 1 Kings 20:27 and, the sons of Israel, were numbered, and provisioned, and went to meet them,and the sons of Israel encamped before them like two little flocks of goats, whereas, the Syrians, filled the land.
By the word of the prophet, and God's judgment, the Syrians are smitten again.
1 Kings 20:28 Then approached the man of God, and spake unto the king of Israel, and saidThus, saith YahwehBecause the Syrians have saidA god of the mountains, is Yahweh, but, not a god of the vales, is he, therefore will I deliver all this great multitude, into thy hand, so shalt thou know, that, I, am Yahweh. 1 Kings 20:29 So they encamped, these, over against, those, seven days,and it came to pass, on the seventh day, that the battle was joined, and the sons of Israel smote the Syrians, a hundred thousand footmen, in one day. 1 Kings 20:30 And they who were left fled to Aphek, into the city, and the wall fell upon twenty-seven thousand men who were left,and, Ben-hadad, fled, and came into the city, into a chamber within a chamber.
The Syrians, submitting themselves, Ahab sendeth Ben-hadad away with a covenant.
1 Kings 20:31 And his servants said unto him, Lo! we pray thee, we have heard, of the kings of the house of Israel, that, kings known for lovingkindness, they are. Let us, we pray thee, put sackcloth upon our loins, and ropes about our head, and let us go forth unto the king of Israel, peradventure he will save alive thy soul. 1 Kings 20:32 So they girded sackcloth upon their loins, and [put] ropes about their heads, and came in unto the king of Israel, and said, Thy servant, Ben-hadad, saith,Let my soul live, I pray thee. And he said,Is he yet alive? My brother, he is. 1 Kings 20:33 Now, the men, could divine, so they hastened to let him confirm the word of his own accord, and they said,Thy brother, is Ben-hadad! He said therefore,Go fetch him. So Ben-hadad came forth unto him, and he made him come up unto him on his chariot. 1 Kings 20:34 And he said unto himThe cities which my father took from thy father, will I restore, and, bazaars, shalt thou make thee in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria. So then, I, with this covenant, will let thee go. So he solemnised with him a covenant, and let him go.
The prophet, under the parable of a prisoner, making Ahab judge himself, denounceth God's judgment against him.
1 Kings 20:35 And, a certain man of the sons of the prophets, said unto his neighbour, by the word of YahwehSmite me, I pray thee. But the man refused to smite him. 1 Kings 20:36 So he said to himBecause thou hast not hearkened unto the voice of Yahweh, lo! when thou art departing from me, there shall smite thee a lion. And when he departed from beside him, a lion found him, and smote him. 1 Kings 20:37 Then found he another man, and said,Smite me, I pray thee. So the man smote himkept on smiting and wounding. 1 Kings 20:38 Then the prophet departed, and waited for the king, by the way,and disguised himself with his turban over his eyes. 1 Kings 20:39 And so it was, when, the king, was passing, he, cried out unto the king,and saidThy servant, went out in the midst of the battle, and lo! a man, turned aside and brought unto me a man, and saidKeep this man, if he be, missing, then shall, thy life, go for, his life, or, a talent of silver, shalt thou weigh out. 1 Kings 20:40 And so it was, as thy servant was busy here and there, that, he, was gone. And the king of Israel said unto himSuch, is thy judgment, thou thyself, hast decided it. 1 Kings 20:41 Then hastened he, and removed the turban from over his eyes,and the king of Israel knew him, that, of the prophets, was, he. 1 Kings 20:42 And he said unto himThus, saith Yahweh, Because thou hast let go the man whom I had devoted, out of thy hand, therefore shall, thy life, be instead of, his life, and, thy people, instead of, his people. 1 Kings 20:43 And the king of Israel departed unto his house, sullen and disturbed,and entered Samaria.