1 Samuel 13
Saul's selected band.
1 Samuel 13:1 Saul was [thirty] years old when he began to reign; and, when he had reigned two years over Israel, 1 Samuel 13:2 Saul chose him three thousand men out of Israel, of whom there were with Saul, two thousand in Michmash and in the hill-country of Bethel, and, a thousand, were with Jonathan, in Gibeah of Benjamin,but, the rest of the people, he let go, every man to his own home.
He calleth the Hebrews to Gilgal against the Philistines, whose garrison Jonathan had smitten.
1 Samuel 13:3 Then did Jonathan smite the garrison of Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it,and, Saul, blew with a horn throughout all the land saying, Let the Hebrews hear! 1 Samuel 13:4 And, all Israel, heard saySaul hath smitten the garrison of the Philistines, Moreover, also, Israel have made themselves odious among the Philistines,so the people were called together to follow Saul, to Gilgal.
The Philistines' great host.
1 Samuel 13:5 And, the Philistines, gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, a people also like the sand that is on the sea-shore for multitude,and they came up, and encamped in Michmash, east of Beth-aven.
The distress of the Israelites.
1 Samuel 13:6 So, the men of Israel, saw they were in a strait, for the people had been harassed,and the people had hidden themselves in caves, and in thickets, and among cliffs, and in holes, and in pits. 1 Samuel 13:7 And, Hebrews, had passed over the Jordan, to the land of Gad, and Gilead,but, Saul, was yet in Gilgal, and all the people, trembled after him.
Saul, weary of staying for Samuel, sacrificeth.
1 Samuel 13:8 And he waited seven days, by the set time that Samuel had named, but Samuel came not to Gilgal,and the people were scattered from him. 1 Samuel 13:9 Then said Saul, Bring near unto me, the ascending-sacrifice and the peace-offerings. And he offered up the ascending-sacrifice. 1 Samuel 13:10 And it came to pass, as he had made an end of offering up the ascending-sacrifice, lo! Samuel, had come,and Saul went out to meet him, that he might bless him.
Samuel reproveth him.
1 Samuel 13:11 Then said SamuelWhat hast thou done? And Saul saidBecause I saw that the people had been scattered from me, and, thou, hadst not come within the appointed days, and, the Philistines, had gathered themselves together to Michmash, 1 Samuel 13:12 therefore I saidNow, will the Philistines come down against me, at Gilgal, but, the face of Yahweh, have I not appeased: So I forced myself, and offered up the ascending-sacrifice. 1 Samuel 13:13 And Samuel said unto SaulThou hast shewn thyself foolish,thou hast not kept the commandment of Yahweh thy God, which he commanded thee, for, now, would Yahweh have established thy kingdom unto Israel until times age-abiding; 1 Samuel 13:14 Whereas, now, shall thy kingdom not be established,Yahweh hath sought out for him a man after his own heart, and Yahweh hath commanded him to be leader over his people, because thou hast not kept that which Yahweh commanded thee. 1 Samuel 13:15 And Samuel arose, and ascended from Gilgal unto Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people who were found with him, about six hundred men. 1 Samuel 13:16 Now, Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that were found with him, were abiding in Geba of Benjamin,but, the Philistines, had encamped in Michmash.
The three spoiling bands of the Philistines.
1 Samuel 13:17 And the spoilers came forth out of the camp of the Philistines, in three companies, the first company, turned unto the way of Ophrah, unto the land of Shual; 1 Samuel 13:18 and, the second company, turned unto the way of Beth-horon,and, the third company, turned unto the way of the boundary that overlooketh the valley of Zeboim, towards the wilderness.
The policy of the Philistines, to suffer no smith in Israel.
1 Samuel 13:19 Now, a smith, could not be found, throughout all the land of Israelfor the Philistines had said, Lest the Hebrews make sword or spear. 1 Samuel 13:20 So all Israel went down to the Philistines,to sharpen every man his share, and his mattock, and his axe, and his sickle. 1 Samuel 13:21 Howbeit they had a file for the sickles, and the mattocks, and the three-pronged forks, and the axes,and for setting the goads. 1 Samuel 13:22 Thus would it come to pass, in the day of battle, that there was foundneither sword nor spear, in the hand of any of the people, that were with Saul and Jonathan, but such were found belonging to Saul and to Jonathan his son. 1 Samuel 13:23 Now the garrison of the Philistines had come out to the pass of Michmash.