1 Samuel 17
The armies of the Israelites and Philistines being ready to battle,
1 Samuel 17:1 And the Philistines gathered together their hosts, unto battle, and they were gathered together unto Socoh, which belongeth unto Judah,and they encamped between Socoh and Azekah in Ephes-dammim; 1 Samuel 17:2 and, Saul and the men of Israel, gathered themselves together, and encamped in the vale of Elah, and set the army in array against the Philistines. 1 Samuel 17:3 And, the Philistines, were standing near the hill on one side, and, the Israelites, were standing near the hill on the other side,while, the valley, was between them.
Goliath cometh proudly forth to challenge a combat.
1 Samuel 17:4 And there came forth a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, Goliath, his name, from Gath,his height, six cubits and a span; 1 Samuel 17:5 with a helmet of bronze on his head, and, with a scaly coat of mail, was he clad,the weight of the coat, being five thousand shekels of bronze; 1 Samuel 17:6 and, greaves of bronze, on his feet,and, a javelin of bronze, between his shoulders; 1 Samuel 17:7 and, the shaft of his spear, was like a weaver's beam, and, the flashing head of his spear, was six hundred shekels of iron,and, his shield-bearer, was coming on before him. 1 Samuel 17:8 And he took his stand, and cried unto the ranks of Israel, and said unto them, Wherefore should ye come out, to set in array for battle? Am not, I, a Philistine, while, ye, are servants unto Saul? Choose you a man, and let him come down unto me: 1 Samuel 17:9 If he prevail in fighting with me, and smite me, then will we become your servants,but, if, I, prevail over him, and smite him, then shall ye become our servants, and serve, us. 1 Samuel 17:10 And the Philistine saidI, reproach the ranks of Israel, this day,give me a man, that we may fight together. 1 Samuel 17:11 When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and feared exceedingly.
David, sent by his father to visit his brethren, taketh the challenge.
1 Samuel 17:12 Now, David, was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem-judah, whose, name, was Jesse, and, who, had eight sons,and, the man, in the days of Saul was old, advanced in years. 1 Samuel 17:13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse had followed Saul to the battle,and, the names of his three sons who went into the battle, were Eliab the firstborn, and, the next to him, Abinadab, and, the third, Shammah. 1 Samuel 17:14 But, as for David, he, was the youngest,and, the three eldest, followed Saul; 1 Samuel 17:15 whereas, David, kept going and returning from Saul,to tend his father's sheep at Bethlehem. 1 Samuel 17:16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening,and presented himself forty days. 1 Samuel 17:17 And Jesse said unto David his son, Take, I pray thee, unto thy brethrenthis ephah of parched corn, and these ten loaves,and run to the camp unto thy brethren; 1 Samuel 17:18 also these ten slices of soft cheese, shalt thou take to the captain of their thousand,and, as for thy brethren, give good heed to their welfare, their pledge, also shalt thou receive. 1 Samuel 17:19 Now, Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the vale of Elah, ready to fight with the Philistines.
1 Samuel 17:20 So then David rose up early in the morning, and entrusted the sheep to a keeper, and took up [the provisions] and went his way, as Jesse had commanded him,and came into the circular rampart, as, the force, was going forth into the ranks, and shouted for the fight. 1 Samuel 17:21 So Israel and the Philistines set in array for battle, army against army. 1 Samuel 17:22 Then David entrusted the provisions that were upon him to the care of the keeper of the stores, and ran unto the ranks,and came and asked for the welfare of his brethren. 1 Samuel 17:23 Now, as he was speaking with them, lo! the champion coming up, Goliath the Philistine, by name, of Gath, [coming up] out of the ranks of the Philistines, and he spake according to these words,and David heard [them]. 1 Samuel 17:24 Now, all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from before him, and feared exceedingly. 1 Samuel 17:25 And the men of Israel saidHave ye seen this man that is coming up? For, to reproach Israel, is he coming. So then it shall be, that, the man that shall smite him, the same, will the king enrich with great riches, and, his own daughter, will give him, and, his father's house, will he make free in Israel. 1 Samuel 17:26 Then spake David unto the men that were standing by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that shall smite yonder Philistine, and so shall take away reproach from off Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he hath reproached the ranks of a Living God? 1 Samuel 17:27 And the people answered him, according to this word saying,So, shall it be done to the man that shall smite him.
Eliab chideth him.
1 Samuel 17:28 Now Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men,then was kindled the anger of Eliab against David, and he saidWherefore is it that thou hast come down? and to whom hast thou entrusted those few sheep in the wilderness? I, know thy pride, and the foolishness of thy heart, for, to see the battle, hast thou come down. 1 Samuel 17:29 And David said, What have I done, now? Was there not, a cause?
He is brought to Saul.
1 Samuel 17:30 Then turned he from him unto another, and saidaccording to this word,and the people returned him an answer, like the first. 1 Samuel 17:31 And the words which David spake were overheard,and, when they told them before Saul, he summoned him.
He sheweth the reason of his confidence.
1 Samuel 17:32 And David said unto Saul, Let not the heart of my lord fail, because of him,thy servant, will go, and fight with this Philistine. 1 Samuel 17:33 And Saul said unto DavidThou art not able to go against this Philistine, to fight with him,for, a youth, art, thou, but, he, a man of war, from his youth. 1 Samuel 17:34 Then said David unto Saul, Thy servant used to tend his father's sheep,and there would come a lion, or a bear, and carry off a lamb out of the flock; 1 Samuel 17:35 and I would go out after him, and smite him, and rescue it out of his mouth,and, if he rose against me, I would catch him by his beard, and smite him, and slay him. 1 Samuel 17:36 Thy servant could slay, either a lion or a bear,and, this uncircumcised Philistine, shall become, as one of them, for he hath reproached the ranks of a Living God. 1 Samuel 17:37 And David said, Yahweh, who hath rescued me out of the power of the lion, and out of the power of the bear, he, will rescue us out of the hand of this Philistine. Then said Saul unto DavidGo! and, Yahweh, will be with thee.
Without armour, armed with faith, he slayeth the giant.
1 Samuel 17:38 And Saul clad David with his own military coat, and set a helmet of bronze upon his head,and clad him with a coat of mail. 1 Samuel 17:39 And David girded his sword above his military coat, but was reluctant to go, for he had not proved them,so David said unto SaulI cannot go in these, for I have not proved them. And David put them off him. 1 Samuel 17:40 Then took he his stick in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the torrent-bed, and put them in the shepherd's-pouch which he hadeven in the wallet, and had his sling in his hand,and so drew near unto the Philistine. 1 Samuel 17:41 And the Philistine came on and on, and drew near unto David,and the man carrying the shield was before him. 1 Samuel 17:42 And, when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him,for he was a youth, and ruddy, a stripling of fair countenance. 1 Samuel 17:43 Then said the Philistine unto David, A dog, am, I, that thou art coming unto me, with sticks? And the Philistine cursed David, by his god. 1 Samuel 17:44 And the Philistine said unto David,Come, unto me, that I may give thy flesh to the birds of heaven, and to the beasts of the field. 1 Samuel 17:45 Then said David unto the PhilistineThou, art coming unto me with sword, and with spear, and with javelin,but, I, am coming unto thee in the name of Yahweh of hosts, God of the ranks of Israel which thou hast reproached. 1 Samuel 17:46 This day, will Yahweh deliver thee into my hand, and I will smite thee, and take thy head from off thee, and will give thy dead body and the dead bodies of the host of Philistines, this day, unto the birds of heaven, and unto the wild beasts of the earth,that all the earth may know that Israel hath a God; 1 Samuel 17:47 and that all this gathered host may know that, not with sword and with spear, doth Yahweh save,for, unto Yahweh, belongeth the battle, and he will deliver you into our hand. 1 Samuel 17:48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew near to meet David, that David hasted, and ran toward the ranks to meet the Philistine. 1 Samuel 17:49 And David thrust his hand into his pouch, and took from thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine, in his forehead,that the stone sank into his forehead, and he fell upon his face, to the earth. 1 Samuel 17:50 Thus David prevailed over the Philistine, with the sling and with the stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him,but, sword, was there none in the hand of David. 1 Samuel 17:51 So David ran, and stood by the Philistine, and took his sword and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off, therewith, his head,and, when the Philistines saw that their hero was slain, they fled. 1 Samuel 17:52 Then arose the men of Israel and Judah, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, as far as the entrance into Gath, and as far as the gates of Ekron,and the slain of the Philistines fell in the way to the two gates, even as far as Gath and as far as Ekron. 1 Samuel 17:53 And the sons of Israel returned from hotly pursuing the Philistines,and plundered their camps. 1 Samuel 17:54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it into Jerusalem,but, his armour, put he into his tent.
Saul taketh notice of David.
1 Samuel 17:55 And, when Saul saw David going forth to meet the Philistine, he said unto Abner, prince of the host, Whose son is the young man, Abner? And Abner said, By the life of thy soul, O king! I know not. 1 Samuel 17:56 Then said the king,Ask, thou, whose son the stripling is? 1 Samuel 17:57 And, when David returned from smiting the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul,with the head of the Philistine in his hand. 1 Samuel 17:58 And Saul said unto him, Whose son art, thou, O young man? And David said, Son of thy servant Jesse, the Bethlehemite.