1 Samuel 20
David consulteth with Jonathan for his safety.
1 Samuel 20:1 And David fled from Naioth, in Ramah,and came in, and said before JonathanWhat have I done? What is my transgression, and what my sin, before thy father, that he seeketh my life? 1 Samuel 20:2 And he said unto himFar be it! thou shalt not die. Lo! my father doeth nothing, great or small, without unveiling mine ear,wherefore, then, should my father hide from me, this thing? There is, nothing, in this. 1 Samuel 20:3 But David sware yet further, and saidThy father, doth know, that I have found favour in thine eyes, therefore saith he,Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he grieve; but, indeed, by the life of Yahweh, and by the life of thine own soul, surely there is but as it were a step betwixt me and death! 1 Samuel 20:4 And Jonathan said unto David,Whatsoever thy soul shall desire, I will do for thee. 1 Samuel 20:5 And David said unto JonathanLo! the new moon, is tomorrow, and, I, must not sit with the king, to eat,let me go then, and hide myself in the field, until the evening. 1 Samuel 20:6 If thy father, enquire, for me, then shalt thou sayDavid, did ask leave, of me, to run to Bethlehem, his own city, for, a yearly sacrifice, [is to be held] there for all the family. 1 Samuel 20:7 If, thus, he sayIt is well,thy servant shall have, peace,but, if it, anger, him, know that harm hath been determined by him. 1 Samuel 20:8 Thus shalt thou do a lovingkindness for thy servant, for, into a covenant of Yahweh, hast thou brought thy servant, with thee,But, if there is in me transgression, put me to death, thyself, for, unto thy father, wherefore shouldst thou bring me in? 1 Samuel 20:9 And Jonathan saidFar be it from thee! but, if I, get to know, that harm is determined by my father, to bring it upon thee, is not, that, the thing that I will tell thee? 1 Samuel 20:10 Then said David unto Jonathan, Who shall tell me,if thy father answer thee aught that is, harsh?
Jonathan and David renew their covenant by oath.
1 Samuel 20:11 And Jonathan said unto David, Come! and let us go out into the field. And they two went out into the field. 1 Samuel 20:12 Then said Jonathan unto DavidWitness [be] Yahweh God of Israel, that I will sound my father about this time tomorrow or the third day, and lo! if there he good towards David, will I not, then, send unto thee, and unveil thine ear? 1 Samuel 20:13 So, let Yahweh do unto Jonathan, and, so, let him addwhen harm against thee seemeth good unto my father, then will I unveil thine ear, and let thee go, and thou shall depart in peace,then Yahweh be with thee, as he hath been with my father. 1 Samuel 20:14 And, not only while I yet live, shalt thou deal with me in the lovingkindness of Yahweh, that I die not: 1 Samuel 20:15 but thou shalt not cut off thy lovingkindness from my house, unto times age-abiding,no! not when Yahweh hath cut off the enemies of David, every one from off the face of the ground. 1 Samuel 20:16 Thus Jonathan solemnised a covenant with the house of David [saying],So let Yahweh require it, at the hand of the enemies of David. 1 Samuel 20:17 And again Jonathan sware unto David, by his love to him,for, as he loved his own soul, so loved he him.
Jonathan's token to David,
1 Samuel 20:18 Then said Jonathan unto himTomorrow, is the new moon, and thou wilt be missed, for thy seat will be empty; 1 Samuel 20:19 and, when thou hast tarried three days, thou shalt come down quickly and enter the place, where thou didst hide thyself on the day of the deed, and shall remain by the side of this mound. 1 Samuel 20:20 And, as for methree arrows to the side, will I shoot,as though I shot at a mark. 1 Samuel 20:21 And lo! I will send the boy [saying], Go, find the arrow! If I, say, to the boyLo! the arrows, are on this side of theetake them, then come, for there is peace for thee, and no cause [for fear], by the life of Yahweh. 1 Samuel 20:22 But, if, thus, I say to the youth, Lo! the arrows are beyond thee, depart, for Yahweh hath sent thee away. 1 Samuel 20:23 But, as touching the matter whereof we spakeI and thou, lo! Yahweh, be betwixt me and thee, unto times age-abiding.
Saul, missing David, seeketh to kill Jonathan.
1 Samuel 20:24 So David hid himself in the fieldand, when the new moon had come, the king sat down to eat, food, 1 Samuel 20:25 yea the king sat down on his seat, as at other times, by the seat against the wall, and, when Jonathan arose, Abner seated himself by the side of Saul,but David's place was empty. 1 Samuel 20:26 Saul, however, spake nothing that day,for he said to himselfIt is, an accident, he is, not clean, because he hath not been cleansed. 1 Samuel 20:27 And it came to pass, on the morrow, the second of the month, that David's place was empty,and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore hath not the son of Jesse come in, either yesterday or today, to meat? 1 Samuel 20:28 And Jonathan answered Saul,David, asked leave, of me, [to go] as far as Bethlehem; 1 Samuel 20:29 and saidLet me go, I pray thee, for, a family sacrifice, have we in the city, and my brethren have commanded me, now, therefore, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me slip away, I pray thee, that I may see my brethren. For this cause, hath he not come in unto the table of the king. 1 Samuel 20:30 Then was Saul's anger kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of rebellious perversity! do I not know that thou art, confederate, with the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and to the confusion of the shame of thy mother? 1 Samuel 20:31 For, as long as, the son of Jesse, liveth on the ground, thou wilt not be established, thou nor thy kingdom, Now, therefore, send and fetch him unto me, for, doomed to death, is he! 1 Samuel 20:32 And Jonathan responded to Saul his father,and said unto himWherefore must he be put to death, What hath he done? 1 Samuel 20:33 And Saul hurled his spear at him, to smite him. So Jonathan knew that it was, determined, of his father, to put David to death. 1 Samuel 20:34 Jonathan therefore rose up from the table, in a glow of anger,and did eat no food on the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had reviled him.
Jonathan lovingly taketh his leave of David.
1 Samuel 20:35 And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went forth into the field, to the place appointed with David,a little lad, being with him. 1 Samuel 20:36 And he said to his ladRun, find, I pray thee, the arrows which I am about to shoot. The boy, ran, but, he, shot the arrow beyond him. 1 Samuel 20:37 And, when the lad came as far as the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow, beyond, thee? 1 Samuel 20:38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Haste theebe quick, do not stay! so Jonathan's lad picked up the arrows and brought [them] unto his master. 1 Samuel 20:39 But, the lad, knew, nothing, only Jonathan and David, knew the matter. 1 Samuel 20:40 So Jonathan gave his weapons unto his lad, and said to him, Go carry them into the city.
1 Samuel 20:41 As soon as, the lad, was gone, David, arose from beside the South, and fell on his face to the earth, and bowed himself down three times,and they kissed each other, and wept over each other, until, David, exceeded. 1 Samuel 20:42 Then said Jonathan unto DavidGo in peace,[remembering] that, we, have both sworn in the name of Yahweh, saying, Yahweh shall be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed, unto times age-abiding. And he arose, and departed,and, Jonathan, entered the city.