1 Samuel 20
David consulteth with Jonathan for his safety.
1 Samuel 20:1 And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what [is] my iniquity? and what [is] my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life? 1 Samuel 20:2 And he said to him, Far be it from thee; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing, either great or small, but that he will show it to me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it [is] not [so]. 1 Samuel 20:3 And David swore moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thy eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he should be grieved: But truly [as] the LORD liveth, and [as] thy soul liveth, [there is] but a step between me and death. 1 Samuel 20:4 Then said Jonathan to David, Whatever thy soul desireth, I will even do [it] for thee. 1 Samuel 20:5 And David said to Jonathan, Behold, to morrow [is] the new-moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field to the third [day] at evening. 1 Samuel 20:6 If thy father shall at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked [leave] of me, that he might run to Beth-lehem his city: for [there is] a yearly sacrifice there for all the family. 1 Samuel 20:7 If he shall say thus, [It is] well; thy servant will have peace: but if he shall be very wroth, [then] be sure that evil is determined by him. 1 Samuel 20:8 Therefore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the LORD with thee: notwithstanding, if there is in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldst thou bring me to thy father? 1 Samuel 20:9 And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil is determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee? 1 Samuel 20:10 Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what [if] thy father shall answer thee roughly?
Jonathan and David renew their covenant by oath.
1 Samuel 20:11 And Jonathan said to David, Come, and let us go out into the field. And they went out both of them into the field. 1 Samuel 20:12 And Jonathan said to David, O LORD God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about to-morrow any time, [or] the third [day], and behold, [if there be] good towards David, and I then send not to thee, and show it thee; 1 Samuel 20:13 The LORD do so and much more to Jonathan: but if it shall please my father [to do] thee evil, then I will show it to thee, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: and the LORD be with thee, as he hath been with my father. 1 Samuel 20:14 And thou shalt, not only while yet I live, show me the kindness of the LORD, that I may not die: 1 Samuel 20:15 But [also] thou shalt not withdraw thy kindness from my house for ever: no, not when the LORD hath cut off the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth. 1 Samuel 20:16 So Jonathan made [a covenant] with the house of David, [saying], Let the LORD even require [it] at the hand of David's enemies. 1 Samuel 20:17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
Jonathan's token to David,
1 Samuel 20:18 Then Jonathan said to David, To-morrow [is] the new-moon: and thou wilt be missed, because thy seat will be empty. 1 Samuel 20:19 And [when] thou hast stayed three days, [then] thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was [in hand], and shalt remain by the stone Ezel. 1 Samuel 20:20 And I will shoot three arrows on the side [of it], as though I shot at a mark. 1 Samuel 20:21 And behold, I will send a lad, [saying], Go, find the arrows. If I expressly say to the lad, Behold, the arrows [are] on this side of thee, take them; then come thou: for [there is] peace to thee, and no hurt; [as] the LORD liveth. 1 Samuel 20:22 But if I say thus to the young man, Behold, the arrows [are] beyond thee; go thy way: for the LORD hath sent thee away. 1 Samuel 20:23 And [as to] the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, the LORD [be] between thee and me for ever.
Saul, missing David, seeketh to kill Jonathan.
1 Samuel 20:24 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new-moon had come, the king sat down to eat food. 1 Samuel 20:25 And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, [even] upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's side, and David's place was empty. 1 Samuel 20:26 Nevertheless Saul spoke not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he [is] not clean; surely he [is] not clean. 1 Samuel 20:27 And it came to pass on the morrow, [which was] the second [day] of the month, that David's place was empty: and Saul said to Jonathan his son, Why cometh not the son of Jesse to eat, neither yesterday, nor to-day? 1 Samuel 20:28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked [leave] of me [to go] to Beth-lehem: 1 Samuel 20:29 And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother he hath commanded me [to be there]: and now if I have found favor in thy eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not to the king's table. 1 Samuel 20:30 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious [woman], do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thy own confusion, and to the confusion of thy mother's nakedness? 1 Samuel 20:31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the earth, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die. 1 Samuel 20:32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, Why shall he be slain? what hath he done? 1 Samuel 20:33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: by which Jonathan knew that it was determined by his father to slay David. 1 Samuel 20:34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no food the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.
Jonathan lovingly taketh his leave of David.
1 Samuel 20:35 And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him. 1 Samuel 20:36 And he said to his lad, Run, find now the arrows which I shoot. [And] as the lad ran, he shot an arrow, beyond him. 1 Samuel 20:37 And when the lad had come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, [Is] not the arrow beyond thee? 1 Samuel 20:38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not. And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master. 1 Samuel 20:39 But the lad knew not any thing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter. 1 Samuel 20:40 And Jonathan gave his arms to his lad, and said to him, Go, carry [them] to the city.
1 Samuel 20:41 [And] as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of [a place] towards the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded. 1 Samuel 20:42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.