The people come to Sinai.
Exodus 19:1 In the third month, when the children of Israel had gone forth from the land of Egypt, the same day they came [into] the wilderness of Sinai. Exodus 19:2 For they had departed from Rephidim, and had come [to] the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel encamped before the mount.
God's message by Moses unto the people out of the mount.
Exodus 19:3 And Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; Exodus 19:4 Ye have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and [how] I bore you on eagles' wings, and brought you to myself. Exodus 19:5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure to me above all people: for all the earth [is] mine: Exodus 19:6 And ye shall be to me a kingdom of priests, and a holy nation. These [are] the words which thou shalt speak to the children of Israel.
Exodus 19:7 And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him.
The people's answer returned again.
Exodus 19:8 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people to the LORD. Exodus 19:9 And the LORD said to Moses, Lo, I come to thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people to the LORD.
The people are prepared against the third day.
Exodus 19:10 And the LORD said to Moses, Go to the people, and sanctify them to-day and to-morrow, and let them wash their clothes, Exodus 19:11 And be ready against the third day: for on the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.
The mountain must not be touched.
Exodus 19:12 And thou shalt set bounds to the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, [that ye] go [not] up upon the mount, or touch the border of it: whoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death: Exodus 19:13 There shall not a hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned or shot through: whether [it be] beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount.
Exodus 19:14 And Moses went down from the mount to the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their clothes. Exodus 19:15 And he said to the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at [your] wives.
The fearful presence of God upon the mount.
Exodus 19:16 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that [were] in the camp trembled. Exodus 19:17 And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. Exodus 19:18 And mount Sinai was altogether in a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke of it ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount trembled greatly. Exodus 19:19 And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by a voice. Exodus 19:20 And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses to the top of the mount; and Moses went up. Exodus 19:21 And the LORD said to Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break through to the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish. Exodus 19:22 And let the priests also who come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them. Exodus 19:23 And Moses said to the LORD, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai: for thou chargedst us, saying, Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it. Exodus 19:24 And the LORD said to him, Away, go down, and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron with thee: But let not the priests and the people break through, to come up to the LORD, lest he break forth upon them. Exodus 19:25 So Moses went down to the people, and spoke to them.