In a parable of the vineyard let out to unthankful husbandmen, Christ foretelleth the reprobation of the Jews, and the calling of the Gentiles.
Mark 12:1 And he began to speak to them by parables. A [certain] man planted a vineyard, and set a hedge about [it], and digged [a place for] the wine-vat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country. Mark 12:2 And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard. Mark 12:3 And they caught [him], and beat him and sent [him] away empty. Mark 12:4 And again, he sent to them another servant: and at him they cast stones, and wounded [him] in the head, and sent [him] away shamefully handled. Mark 12:5 And again he sent another; and him they killed, and many others; beating some, and killing some. Mark 12:6 Having yet therefore one son, his well-beloved, he sent him also last to them, saying, They will reverence my son. Mark 12:7 But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours. Mark 12:8 And they took him, and killed [him], and cast [him] out of the vineyard. Mark 12:9 What therefore will the Lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard to others. Mark 12:10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner: Mark 12:11 This was the Lord's doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes? Mark 12:12 And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people; for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and departed.
He avoideth the snare of the Pharisees and Herodians about paying tribute to Caesar:
Mark 12:13 And they sent to him certain of the Pharisees, and of the Herodians, to catch him in [his] words. Mark 12:14 And when they had come, they say to him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Cesar, or not? Mark 12:15 Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see [it]. Mark 12:16 And they brought [it]: and he saith to them, Whose [is] this image and superscription? And they said to him, Cesar's. Mark 12:17 And Jesus answering, said to them, Render to Cesar the things that are Cesar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they wondered at him.
convinceth the error of the Sadducees, who denied the resurrection:
Mark 12:18 Then come to him the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying, Mark 12:19 Master, Moses wrote to us, If a man's brother shall die, and leave [his] wife, and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise seed to his brother. Mark 12:20 Now there were seven brothers: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed. Mark 12:21 And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed: and the third likewise. Mark 12:22 And the seven had her, and left no seed: last of all the woman died also. Mark 12:23 In the resurrection therefore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her for a wife. Mark 12:24 And Jesus answering, said to them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God? Mark 12:25 For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels who are in heaven. Mark 12:26 And concerning the dead that they rise; have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spoke to him, saying, I [am] the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? Mark 12:27 He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err.
resolveth the scribe, who questioned of the first commandment:
Mark 12:28 And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all? Mark 12:29 And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments [is], Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord. Mark 12:30 And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this [is] the first commandment. Mark 12:31 And the second [is] like, [namely] this, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself: there is no other commandment greater than these. Mark 12:32 And the scribe said to him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is no other but he. Mark 12:33 And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love [his] neighbor as himself, is more than all whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices. Mark 12:34 And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said to him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him any question.
refuseth the opinion that the scribes held of Christ:
Mark 12:35 And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the son of David? Mark 12:36 For David himself said by the Holy Spirit, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thy enemies thy footstool. Mark 12:37 David therefore himself calleth him Lord, and whence is he [then] his son? and the common people heard him gladly.
bidding the people to beware of their ambition and hypocrisy:
Mark 12:38 And he said to them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, who love to go in long clothing, and [love] salutations in the market-places, Mark 12:39 And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts: Mark 12:40 Who devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.
and commendeth the poor widow for her two mites, above all.
Mark 12:41 And Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld how the people cast money into the treasury: and many that were rich cast in much. Mark 12:42 And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing. Mark 12:43 And he called his disciples, and saith to them, Verily I say to you, that this poor widow hath cast in more, than all they who have cast into the treasury. Mark 12:44 For all [they] cast in of their abundance: but she of her want cast in all that she had, [even] all her living.