Young's Literal Translation

1 Samuel 20

David consulteth with Jonathan for his safety.

1 Samuel 20:1 And David fleeth from Naioth in Ramah, and cometh, and saith before Jonathan, 'What have I done? what [is] mine iniquity? and what my sin before thy father, that he is seeking my life?' 1 Samuel 20:2 And he saith to him, 'Far be it! thou dost not die; lo, my father doth not do anything great or small and doth not uncover mine ear; and wherefore doth my father hide from me this thing? this [thing] is not.' 1 Samuel 20:3 And David sweareth again, and saith, 'Thy father hath certainly known that I have found grace in thine eyes, and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved; and yet, Jehovah liveth, and thy soul liveth, but—as a step between me and death.' 1 Samuel 20:4 And Jonathan saith to David, 'What doth thy soul say?—and I do it for thee.' 1 Samuel 20:5 And David saith unto Jonathan, 'Lo, the new moon [is] to-morrow; and I do certainly sit with the king to eat; and thou hast sent me away, and I have been hidden in a field till the third evening; 1 Samuel 20:6 if thy father at all look after me, and thou hast said, David asked earnestly of me to run to Beth-Lehem his city, for a sacrifice of the days [is] there for all the family. 1 Samuel 20:7 If thus he say: Good; peace [is] for thy servant; and if it be very displeasing to him—know that the evil hath been determined by him; 1 Samuel 20:8 and thou hast done kindness, to thy servant, for into a covenant of Jehovah thou hast brought thy servant with thee;—and if there is in me iniquity, put thou me to death; and unto thy father, why is this—thou dost bring me in?' 1 Samuel 20:9 And Jonathan saith, 'Far be it from thee! for I certainly do not know that the evil hath been determined by my father to come upon thee, and I do not declare it to thee.' 1 Samuel 20:10 And David saith unto Jonathan, 'Who doth declare to me? or what [if] thy father doth answer thee sharply?'

Jonathan and David renew their covenant by oath.

1 Samuel 20:11 And Jonathan saith unto David, 'Come, and we go out into the field;' and they go out both of them into the field. 1 Samuel 20:12 And Jonathan saith unto David, 'Jehovah, God of Israel—when I search my father, about [this] time to-morrow [or] the third [day], and lo, good [is] towards David, and I do not then send unto thee, and have uncovered thine ear— 1 Samuel 20:13 thus doth Jehovah do to Jonathan, and thus doth He add; when the evil concerning thee is good to my father, then I have uncovered thine ear, and sent thee away, and thou hast gone in peace, and Jehovah is with thee, as he was with my father; 1 Samuel 20:14 and not only while I am alive dost thou do with me the kindness of Jehovah, and I die not, 1 Samuel 20:15 but thou dost not cut off thy kindness from my house unto the age, nor in Jehovah's cutting off the enemies of David, each one from off the face of the ground.' 1 Samuel 20:16 And Jonathan covenanteth with the house of David, and Jehovah hath sought [it] from the hand of the enemies of David; 1 Samuel 20:17 and Jonathan addeth to cause David to swear, because he loveth him, for with the love of his own soul he hath loved him.

Jonathan's token to David,

1 Samuel 20:18 And Jonathan saith to him, 'To-morrow [is] new moon, and thou hast been looked after, for thy seat is looked after; 1 Samuel 20:19 and on the third day thou dost certainly come down, and hast come in unto the place where thou wast hidden in the day of the work, and hast remained near the stone Ezel. 1 Samuel 20:20 'And I shoot three of the arrows at the side, sending out for myself at a mark; 1 Samuel 20:21 and lo, I send the youth: Go, find the arrows. If I at all say to the youth, Lo, the arrows [are] on this side of thee—take them,—then come thou, for peace [is] for thee, and there is nothing; Jehovah liveth. 1 Samuel 20:22 And if thus I say to the young man, Lo, the arrows [are] beyond thee,—go, for Jehovah hath sent thee away; 1 Samuel 20:23 as to the thing which we have spoken, I and thou, lo, Jehovah [is] between me and thee—unto the age.'

Saul, missing David, seeketh to kill Jonathan.

1 Samuel 20:24 And David is hidden in the field, and it is the new moon, and the king sitteth down by the food to eat, 1 Samuel 20:25 and the king sitteth on his seat, as time by time, on a seat by the wall, and Jonathan riseth, and Abner sitteth at the side of Saul, and David's place is looked after. 1 Samuel 20:26 And Saul hath not spoken anything on that day, for he said, 'It [is] an accident; he is not clean—surely not clean.' 1 Samuel 20:27 And it cometh to pass on the second morrow of the new moon, that David's place is looked after, and Saul saith unto Jonathan his son, 'Wherefore hath the son of Jesse not come in, either yesterday or to-day, unto the food?' 1 Samuel 20:28 And Jonathan answereth Saul, 'David hath been earnestly asked of me unto Beth-Lehem, 1 Samuel 20:29 and he saith, Send me away, I pray thee, for a family sacrifice we have in the city, and my brother himself hath given command to me, and now, if I have found grace in thine eyes, let me go away, I pray thee, and see my brethren; therefore he hath not come unto the table of the king.' 1 Samuel 20:30 And the anger of Saul burneth against Jonathan, and he saith to him, 'Son of a perverse rebellious woman! have I not known that thou art fixing on the son of Jesse to thy shame, and to the shame of the nakedness of thy mother? 1 Samuel 20:31 for all the days that the son of Jesse liveth on the ground thou art not established, thou and thy kingdom; and now, send and bring him unto me, for he [is] a son of death.' 1 Samuel 20:32 And Jonathan answereth Saul his father, and saith unto him, 'Why is he put to death? what hath he done?' 1 Samuel 20:33 And Saul casteth the javelin at him to smite him, and Jonathan knoweth that it hath been determined by his father to put David to death. 1 Samuel 20:34 And Jonathan riseth from the table in the heat of anger, and hath not eaten food on the second day of the new moon, for he hath been grieved for David, for his father put him to shame.

Jonathan lovingly taketh his leave of David.

1 Samuel 20:35 And it cometh to pass in the morning, that Jonathan goeth out into the field for the appointment with David, and a little youth [is] with him. 1 Samuel 20:36 And he saith to his youth, 'Run, find, I pray thee, the arrows which I am shooting;' the youth is running, and he hath shot the arrow, causing [it] to pass over him. 1 Samuel 20:37 And the youth cometh unto the place of the arrow which Jonathan hath shot, and Jonathan calleth after the youth, and saith, 'Is not the arrow beyond thee?' 1 Samuel 20:38 and Jonathan calleth after the youth, 'Speed, haste, stand not;' and Jonathan's youth gathereth the arrows, and cometh unto his lord. 1 Samuel 20:39 And the youth hath not known anything, only Jonathan and David knew the word. 1 Samuel 20:40 And Jonathan giveth his weapons unto the youth whom he hath, and saith to him, 'Go, carry into the city.'

1 Samuel 20:41 The youth hath gone, and David hath risen from Ezel, at the south, and falleth on his face to the earth, and boweth himself three times, and they kiss one another, and they weep one with another, till David exerted himself; 1 Samuel 20:42 and Jonathan saith to David, 'Go in peace, in that we have sworn—we two—in the name of Jehovah, saying, Jehovah is between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed—unto the age;' and he riseth and goeth; and Jonathan hath gone in to the city.

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