Young's Literal Translation

Exodus 18

Jethro bringeth to Moses his wife and two sons.

Exodus 18:1 And Jethro priest of Midian, father-in-law of Moses, heareth all that God hath done for Moses, and for Israel his people, that Jehovah hath brought out Israel from Egypt, Exodus 18:2 and Jethro, father-in-law of Moses, taketh Zipporah, wife of Moses, besides her parents, Exodus 18:3 and her two sons, of whom the name of the one [is] Gershom, for he said, 'a sojourner I have been in a strange land:' Exodus 18:4 and the name of the other [is] Eliezer, for, 'the God of my father [is] for my help, and doth deliver me from the sword of Pharaoh.' Exodus 18:5 And Jethro, father-in-law of Moses, cometh, and his sons, and his wife, unto Moses, unto the wilderness where he is encamping—the mount of God; Exodus 18:6 and he saith unto Moses, 'I, thy father-in-law, Jethro, am coming unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her.'

Moses entertaineth him.

Exodus 18:7 And Moses goeth out to meet his father-in-law, and boweth himself, and kisseth him, and they ask one at another of welfare, and come into the tent; Exodus 18:8 and Moses recounteth to his father-in-law all that Jehovah hath done to Pharaoh, and to the Egyptians, on account of Israel, all the travail which hath found them in the way, and Jehovah doth deliver them. Exodus 18:9 And Jethro rejoiceth for all the good which Jehovah hath done to Israel, whom He hath delivered from the hand of the Egyptians; Exodus 18:10 and Jethro saith, 'Blessed [is] Jehovah, who hath delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians, and from the hand of Pharaoh—who hath delivered this people from under the hand of the Egyptians; Exodus 18:11 now I have known that Jehovah [is] greater than all the gods, for in the thing they have acted proudly—[He is] above them!' Exodus 18:12 And Jethro, father-in-law of Moses, taketh a burnt-offering and sacrifices for God; and Aaron cometh in, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with the father-in-law of Moses, before God.

Jethro's counsel is accepted.

Exodus 18:13 And it cometh to pass on the morrow, that Moses sitteth to judge the people, and the people stand before Moses, from the morning unto the evening; Exodus 18:14 and the father-in-law of Moses seeth all that he is doing to the people, and saith, 'What [is] this thing which thou art doing to the people? wherefore art thou sitting by thyself, and all the people standing by thee from morning till evening?' Exodus 18:15 And Moses saith to his father-in-law, 'Because the people come unto me to seek God; Exodus 18:16 when they have a matter, it hath come unto me, and I have judged between a man and his neighbour, and made known the statutes of God, and His laws.' Exodus 18:17 And the father-in-law of Moses saith unto him, 'The thing which thou art doing [is] not good; Exodus 18:18 thou dost surely wear away, both thou, and this people which [is] with thee, for the thing is too heavy for thee, thou art not able to do it by thyself. Exodus 18:19 'Now, hearken to my voice, I counsel thee, and God is with thee: be thou for the people over-against God, and thou hast brought in the things unto God; Exodus 18:20 and thou hast warned them [concerning] the statutes and the laws, and hast made known to them the way in which they go, and the work which they do. Exodus 18:21 'And thou—thou dost provide out of all the people men of ability, fearing God, men of truth, hating dishonest gain, and hast placed [these] over them, heads of thousands, heads of hundreds, heads of fifties, and heads of tens, Exodus 18:22 and they have judged the people at all times; and it hath come to pass, every great matter they bring in unto thee, and every small matter they judge themselves; and lighten it from off thyself, and they have borne with thee. Exodus 18:23 If thou dost this thing, and God hath commanded thee, then thou hast been able to stand, and all this people also goeth in unto its place in peace.' Exodus 18:24 And Moses hearkeneth to the voice of his father-in-law, and doth all that he said, Exodus 18:25 and Moses chooseth men of ability out of all Israel, and maketh them chiefs over the people, heads of thousands, heads of hundreds, heads of fifties, and heads of tens, Exodus 18:26 and they have judged the people at all times; the hard matter they bring in unto Moses, and every small matter they judge themselves.

Jethro departeth.

Exodus 18:27 And Moses sendeth his father-in-law away, and he goeth away unto his own land.

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