Young's Literal Translation

Ezekiel 18

God reproveth the unjust parable of sour grapes.

Ezekiel 18:1 'And there is a word of Jehovah unto me, saying: Ezekiel 18:2 'What—to you, ye—using this simile Concerning the ground of Israel, saying: Fathers do eat unripe fruit, And the sons' teeth are blunted? Ezekiel 18:3 I live—an affirmation of the Lord Jehovah, Ye have no more the use of this simile in Israel. Ezekiel 18:4 Lo, all the souls are Mine, As the soul of the father, So also the soul of the son—they are Mine, The soul that is sinning—it doth die.

He sheweth how he dealeth with a just father:

Ezekiel 18:5 And a man, when he is righteous, And hath done judgment and righteousness, Ezekiel 18:6 On the mountains he hath not eaten, And his eyes he hath not lifted up Unto idols of the house of Israel, And the wife of his neighbour defiled not, And to a separated woman cometh not near, Ezekiel 18:7 A man—he doth not oppress, His pledge to the debtor he doth return, Plunder he doth not take away, His bread to the hungry he doth give, And the naked doth cover with a garment, Ezekiel 18:8 In usury he doth not give, and increase taketh not, From perversity he turneth back his hand, True judgment he doth between man and man. Ezekiel 18:9 In My statutes he doth walk, And My judgments he hath kept—to deal truly, Righteous [is] he, he surely liveth, An affirmation of the Lord Jehovah.

with a wicked son of a just father:

Ezekiel 18:10 And—he hath begotten a son, A burglar—a shedder of blood, And he hath made a brother of one of these, Ezekiel 18:11 And he all those hath not done, For even on the mountains he hath eaten, And the wife of his neighbour he hath defiled, Ezekiel 18:12 The afflicted and needy he hath oppressed, Plunder he hath taken violently away, A pledge he doth not return, And unto the idols he hath lifted up his eyes, Abomination he hath done! Ezekiel 18:13 In usury he hath given, and increase taken, And he liveth: he doth not live, All these abominations he hath done, He doth surely die, his blood is on him.

with a just son of a wicked father:

Ezekiel 18:14 And—lo, he hath begotten a son, And he seeth all the sins of his father, That he hath done, and he feareth, And doth not do like them, Ezekiel 18:15 On the mountains he hath not eaten, And his eyes he hath not lifted up Unto idols of the house of Israel, The wife of his neighbour he hath not defiled, Ezekiel 18:16 A man—he hath not oppressed, A pledge he hath not bound, And plunder he hath not taken away, His bread to the hungry he hath given, And the naked he covered with a garment, Ezekiel 18:17 From the afflicted he hath turned back his hand, Usury and increase he hath not taken, My judgments he hath done, In My statutes he hath walked, He doth not die for the iniquity of his father, He doth surely live. Ezekiel 18:18 His father—because he used oppression, Did violently Plunder a brother, And that which [is] not good did in the midst of his people, And lo, he is dying in his iniquity.

with a wicked man repenting:

Ezekiel 18:19 And ye have said, Wherefore hath not the son, Borne of the iniquity of the father? And—the son judgment and righteousness hath done, All My statutes he hath kept, And he doeth them, he surely liveth. Ezekiel 18:20 The soul that doth sin—it doth die. A son doth not bear of the iniquity of the father, And a father doth not bear of the iniquity of the son, The righteousness of the righteous is on him, And the wickedness of the wicked is on him. Ezekiel 18:21 And the wicked—when he turneth back From all his sins that he hath done, And he hath kept all My statutes, And hath done judgment and righteousness, He doth surely live, he doth not die. Ezekiel 18:22 All his transgressions that he hath done Are not remembered to him, In his righteousness that he hath done he liveth. Ezekiel 18:23 Do I at all desire the death of the wicked? An affirmation of the Lord Jehovah, Is it not in his turning back from his way—And he hath lived?

with a just man revolting.

Ezekiel 18:24 And in the turning back of the righteous from his righteousness, And he hath done perversity, According to all the abominations That the wicked hath done, he doth—thus he liveth, All his righteousnesses that he hath done are not remembered, For his trespass that he hath trespassed, And for his sin that he hath sinned, For them he doth die.

He defendeth his justice,

Ezekiel 18:25 And ye have said, Not pondered is the way of the Lord. Hear, I pray you, O house of Israel, My way—is it not pondered? Are not your ways unpondered? Ezekiel 18:26 In the turning back of the righteous from his righteousness, And he hath done perversity, And he is dying by them, for his perversity That he hath done he dieth. Ezekiel 18:27 And in the turning back of the wicked From his wickedness that he hath done, And he doth judgment and righteousness, He his soul doth keep alive. Ezekiel 18:28 And he seeth and turneth back, From all his transgressions that he hath done, He doth surely live, he doth not die, Ezekiel 18:29 And the house of Israel have said, Not pondered is the way of the Lord, My ways—are they not pondered? O house of Israel—are not your ways unpondered? Ezekiel 18:30 Therefore, each according to his ways I judge you, O house of Israel? An affirmation of the Lord Jehovah, Turn ye back, yea, turn yourselves back, From all your transgressions, And iniquity is not to you for a stumbling-block,

and exhorteth to repentance.

Ezekiel 18:31 Cast from off you all your transgressions, By which ye have transgressed, And make to you a new heart, and a new spirit, And why do ye die, O house of Israel? Ezekiel 18:32 For I have no pleasure in the death of the dying, An affirmation of the Lord Jehovah, And turn ye back and live!

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