Paul is sorry for the Jews.
Romans 9:1 Truth I say in Christ, I lie not, my conscience bearing testimony with me in the Holy Spirit, Romans 9:2 that I have great grief and unceasing pain in my heart Romans 9:3 for I was wishing, I myself, to be anathema from the Christfor my brethren, my kindred, according to the flesh, Romans 9:4 who are Israelites, whose [is] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the lawgiving, and the service, and the promises, Romans 9:5 whose [are] the fathers, and of whom [is] the Christ, according to the flesh, who is over all, God blessed to the ages. Amen. Romans 9:6 And it is not possible that the word of God hath failed; for not all who [are] of Israel are these Israel;
All the seed of Abraham were not the children of the promise.
Romans 9:7 nor because they are seed of Abraham [are] all children, but'in Isaac shall a seed be called to thee;' Romans 9:8 that is, the children of the fleshthese [are] not children of God; but the children of the promise are reckoned for seed; Romans 9:9 for the word of promise [is] this; 'According to this time I will come, and there shall be to Sarah a son.' Romans 9:10 And not only [so], but also Rebecca, having conceived by oneIsaac our father Romans 9:11 (for they being not yet born, neither having done anything good or evil, that the purpose of God, according to choice, might remain; not of works, but of Him who is calling,) it was said to her Romans 9:12 'The greater shall serve the less;' Romans 9:13 according as it hath been written, 'Jacob I did love, and Esau I did hate.' Romans 9:14 What, then, shall we say? unrighteousness [is] with God? let it not be! Romans 9:15 for to Moses He saith, 'I will do kindness to whom I do kindness, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion;' Romans 9:16 so, thennot of him who is willing, nor of him who is running, but of God who is doing kindness: Romans 9:17 for the Writing saith to Pharaoh'For this very thing I did raise thee up, that I might shew in thee My power, and that My name might be declared in all the land;'
God hath mercy upon whom he will.
Romans 9:18 so, then, to whom He willeth, He doth kindness, and to whom He willeth, He doth harden. Romans 9:19 Thou wilt say, then, to me, 'Why yet doth He find fault? for His counsel who hath resisted?' Romans 9:20 nay, but, O man, who art thou that art answering again to God? shall the thing formed say to Him who did form [it], Why me didst thou make thus?
The potter may do with his clay what he list.
Romans 9:21 hath not the potter authority over the clay, out of the same lump to make the one vessel to honour, and the one to dishonour? Romans 9:22 And if God, willing to shew the wrath and to make known His power, did endure, in much long suffering, vessels of wrath fitted for destruction, Romans 9:23 and that He might make known the riches of His glory on vessels of kindness, that He before prepared for glory, whom also He did callus Romans 9:24 not only out of Jews, but also out of nations,
The calling of the Gentiles and rejecting of the Jews were foretold.
Romans 9:25 as also in Hosea He saith, 'I will call what [is] not My peopleMy people; and her not belovedBeloved, Romans 9:26 and it shall bein the place where it was said to them, Ye [are] not My people; there they shall be called sons of the living God.' Romans 9:27 And Isaiah doth cry concerning Israel, 'If the number of the sons of Israel may be as the sand of the sea, the remnant shall be saved; Romans 9:28 for a matter He is finishing, and is cutting short in righteousness, because a matter cut short will the Lord do upon the land. Romans 9:29 and according as Isaiah saith before, 'Except the Lord of Sabaoth did leave to us a seed, as Sodom we had become, and as Gomorrah we had been made like.' Romans 9:30 What, then, shall we say? that nations who are not pursuing righteousness did attain to righteousness, and righteousness that [is] of faith, Romans 9:31 and Israel, pursuing a law of righteousness, at a law of righteousness did not arrive;
The cause why so few Jews embrace the righteousness of faith.
Romans 9:32 wherefore? becausenot by faith, but as by works of law; for they did stumble at the stone of stumbling, Romans 9:33 according as it hath been written, 'Lo, I place in Sion a stone of stumbling and a rock of offence; and every one who is believing thereon shall not be ashamed.'